South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Mount Prospect Baptist Church, York County (339 W. Black St., Rock Hill)
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Facade Left Oblique Right Oblique Right Elevation Right Rear
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Tower Detail Stained Glass
Window Detail

Mount Prospect Baptist Church has significance for its role in the development of the ethnic heritage of the city’s black community and for its status as a largely intact example of church architecture. In 1883, a group of African American Baptist’s began meeting in private homes in Rock Hill. Many had been members of other Baptist churches before the Civil War and desired their own church. The congregation grew and was organized in 1885, when the first building was constructed. They were originally known as First Baptist Church, Colored. After fire destroyed the first building, the congregation constructed a new building in 1900 that also burnt, in 1914. The present brick sanctuary, constructed in 1915, exhibits elements of the Romanesque Revival style. It features a two-story square tower at the right of the fašade. Each of the tower’s facades features tall multi-light paired windows surmounted by louvered vents in arched openings. The interior of the sanctuary has exposed beams and metal ceiling with coffered design. Listed in the National Register June 10, 1992.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property. In addition, the Historic Resources of Rock Hill, 1820-1935 includes historical background information for this and other related National Register properties.

Most National Register properties are privately owned and are not open to the public. The privacy of owners should be respected. Not all properties retain the same integrity as when originally documented and listed in the National Register due to changes and modifications over time.

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