South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Highland Park Manufacturing Plant and Cotton Oil Complex, York County
(869 Standard St. & 732 & 737 E. White St., Rock Hill)
S1081774603001 S1081774603002 S1081774603003 S1081774603004 S1081774603005
Manufacturing Plant
Manufacturing Plant
Left Oblique
Cotton Oil Mill
Right Oblique
Cotton Oil Mill
Cotton Oil Mill
Mill Office

The Highland Park Manufacturing Plant and Cotton Oil Complex represents an important element in the development of the textile industry in Rock Hill and in the rapid growth of the city during the period from 1881 to 1920. It also helped to set the pattern of investment by local leaders and citizens in the creation of the industry and of the mill village system. The complex is also significant as an unusually intact group of industrial buildings related to several products of what once was an abundant cotton crop, and as an example of industrial architecture. The rectangular mill building with central towers was a typical design for textile mill building in the Piedmont. The complex includes the Highland Park Manufacturing Plant (1888-89), which was the second major textile mill in Rock Hill, the Highland Park Cotton Oil Mill (1902), and the Highland Park Cotton Oil Mill Office (1902). In 1907, the manufacturing plant was expanded. They are the surviving buildings of a larger complex, including a gin and seed house, the rest of which have been demolished. Surrounding the original mill are portions of the mill village. The mill operated until 1968. Listed in the National Register June 10, 1992.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property. In addition, the Historic Resources of Rock Hill, 1820-1935 includes historical background information for this and other related National Register properties.

Most National Register properties are privately owned and are not open to the public. The privacy of owners should be respected. Not all properties retain the same integrity as when originally documented and listed in the National Register due to changes and modifications over time.

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