South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Afro-American Insurance Company Building, York County (558 S. Dave Lyle Blvd., Rock Hill)
S1081774602601 S1081774602602 S1081774602603 S1081774602604
Facade Left Oblique Left Rear
Right Oblique

The Afro-American Insurance Company Building was constructed about 1909 to house the local office of the Afro-American Insurance Company. This company, with offices in several southeastern states, was one of several insurance companies owned and operated by African Americans marketing to African American communities. The company’s building in Rock Hill became an impressive symbol of the aspirations for commercial success among many African American leaders. It also was evidence of the growing market for business and financial services within the emerging African American middle class. The building is the design of William W. Smith of Charlotte, an important African American designer and builder in the region. Because most buildings that historically housed African American businesses in Rock Hill have been destroyed through urban renewal programs, the Afro-American Insurance Company Building has added significance as perhaps the most important surviving example of a commercial building related to the African American community of the early twentieth century. It is a two-story commercial building of brick laid in common bond. The fašade has a tan brick veneer, while the sides and rear are in red brick. The fašade has brick quoining at the corners and a corbelled brick cornice and center parapet with recessed panel. Listed in the National Register June 10, 1992.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property. In addition, the Historic Resources of Rock Hill, 1820-1935 includes historical background information for this and other related National Register properties.

Most National Register properties are privately owned and are not open to the public. The privacy of owners should be respected. Not all properties retain the same integrity as when originally documented and listed in the National Register due to changes and modifications over time.

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