South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Musgrove's Mill Historic Battle Site, Union County (S.C. Hwy. 56, Cross Anchor vicinity)
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Ruins of Edward
Musgrove's House
British and Tory
Encampment Site
on slopes near
Musgrove's House
Enoree River near
Wagon Road Ford
Wagon Road Remnant
used by both
Patriot and British
Forces during the
View of Patriot
Right Flank
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View of the route
of the British Advance
from the Patriot
View of the
Patriot Position
from the British
Mary Musgrove
Site of Musgrove

The battle of Musgrove’s Mill, fought on August 18, 1780, was an early American victory in the South during the Revolution. The successful surprise attack lead by American Colonel Charles McDowell on the British post at Musgrove’s Mill indicated a weakness in the British hold on the backcountry. American troops routed a combined detachment of British and Tories at a ford on the Enoree River, but were forced to retreat to the mountains of North Carolina when Loyalist forces converged on the area. In this battle, British losses included 60 killed, 90 wounded, and 70 taken prisoner. Four Americans were killed and nine wounded. Occurring at the same time as the American defeat at Camden, this victory gave the American cause a badly needed boost in morale. The National Register site includes the land north of the Enoree River ford as well as a triangular portion of land south of the Enoree, opposite the mouth of Cedar Shoals Creek, where Major Edward Musgrove’s plantation house was standing until it burned in 1971. This is the area where the British and Tories were encamped at the time of the battle. Listed in the National Register March 4, 1975.

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