|South Carolina Department of Archives and History|
|National Register Properties in South Carolina
Allen University Historic District, Richland County (1530 Harden St., Columbia)
| Arnette Hall
| Arnett Hall
| Joseph Simmon
|Canteen Building|| Chappelle
Among the many private schools and universities for African Americans founded during the post-bellum period, Allen University was probably the first founded and operated by African Americans in South Carolina. Established by the African Methodist Episcopal Church, Allen University was influenced by the denomination’s emphasis on education and a trained clergy. Named for Richard Allen, founder of the A.M.E. Church, Allen University was one of several universities established by the A.M.E. Church in the South following the Civil War. Begun four years after the University of South Carolina was closed to African Americans, Allen helped fill the pressing need for African American education in South Carolina. The university purchased its first property in Columbia in 1881. The first major building was erected and in use on the present site in 1888. The campus historic district contains four major buildings, ranging in date from 1891 to 1941, situated around a campus green. The architecture is typical of many university buildings around the country, characterized by red brick construction, white columns, and classical symmetry and detailing. Listed in the National Register April 14, 1975
View a map showing the boundaries of the Allen University Historic District.
View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property.
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