South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Columbia Historic District I, Richland County (Columbia)
S1081774001801 S1081774001802 S1081774001803 S1081774001804 S1081774001805
Governor's Mansion
800 Richland St.
Lace House
803 Richland St.
Boylston House
829 Richland St.
Palmetto Iron Works
and Armory
1802 Lincoln St.
821 Calhoun St.
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823 Calhoun St. 903 Calhoun St. 2001 Lincoln St. 2003 Lincoln St. 1919 Gadsden St.
723 Laurel St.

The area of the Columbia Historic District I was established as a result of Columbia’s development into a center of government and trade between the upper and lower parts of the state. Also known as Arsenal Hill, the area was a complex of fine mansions and attractive homes built before the Civil War. The district is politically significant as a center of state and nationally related affairs with the Governor’s Mansion as the focal point. It is architecturally significant for the variety of architectural styles indicative or unique to the area such as Greek Revival, Italianate, Classical Revival, and the “Columbia Cottage.” Noteworthy landscape architecture in the district includes the Caldwell-Hampton-Boylston House gardens, a significant example of evolving garden planning from the time the house was built ca. 1830 through its development formally in the 1890s to the present. Arsenal Hill has retained stately tree-lined streets and a number of its original homes. Listed in the National Register May 6, 1971.

View a map showing the boundaries of the Columbia Historic District I.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property.

Most National Register properties are privately owned and are not open to the public. The privacy of owners should be respected. Not all properties retain the same integrity as when originally documented and listed in the National Register due to changes and modifications over time.

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