South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Boundary Street-Newberry Cotton Mills Historic District, Newberry County (Newberry)
S1081773600921 S1081773600922 S1081773600923 S1081773600924 S1081773600925
Dr. James K.
Gilder House
733 Boundary St.
726 Boundary St. 722 Boundary St. 724 Boundary St. Thomas Neal-Clary
723 Boundary St.
S1081773600926 S1081773600927 S1081773600928 S1081773600929 S1081773600930
916 Drayton St. 922 Drayton St. 924 Drayton St. Newberry Cotton Mills
Boarding House
Drayton St.
924 O'Neal St.
S1081773600931 S1081773600932 S1081773600933    
808 O'Neal St. 714 O'Neal St. Newberry Cotton Mills
1005 Drayton St.

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The Boundary Street-Newberry Cotton Mills Historic District exemplifies two distinct types of architecture in Newberry. The district is comprised of a collection of classical and vernacular inspired upper and middle class houses dating from 1857-1898 and a relatively intact late nineteenth century mill village surrounding the ca. 1884 mill. The district is a visual reminder of the importance of the mill to Newberry’s development and the rise of the professional class. Representative architectural styles include Greek Revival, Victorian, Queen Anne, and Bungalow. In addition to the mill and its associated properties (mill village, reservoir, warehouse, superintendent’s house, boarding house, and park) the district also includes commercial, and religious properties. Newberry Cotton Mill was constructed as the first fully steam powered textile factory in South Carolina. The original 1884 brick mill was designed by the renowned Boston engineering firm of Lockwood and Greene. Subsequent additions to the mill occurred in 1895 and 1910. The Newberry Cotton Mill has since been demolished. The mill village includes eighty-one one-story and twenty-six two-story frame mill houses, constructed between 1884 and 1910 by the mill for the factory operatives and their families. The houses were sold by the mill in the 1940s to individual families. Listed in the National Register November 26, 1980.

Most National Register properties are privately owned and are not open to the public. The privacy of owners should be respected. Not all properties retain the same integrity as when originally documented and listed in the National Register due to changes and modifications over time.

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