South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Chicora Wood Plantation, Georgetown County (S.C. Sec. Rd. 52, Plantersville vicinity)
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Facade Left Oblique Left Rear Oblique Right Elevation Facade Detail
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Interior
Cental Hall
Interior
Main Entrance
Interior
Central Hall
Stairway
Interior
First Floor
Room
Interior
Ceiling Medallion
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Outbuilding
Kitchen
Outbuilding
Rice Mill
with Chimney
Outbuilding
Rice Shipping
House

(Matanzas Plantation) Architecturally, Chicora Wood is an outstanding early 19th century plantation home. Mounted on the typical raised basement used throughout the Southern coastal area for increased ventilation, the two-story clapboard house has lines that are simple and of diminutive proportions. Slender Doric columns and delicate balustrade adorn the fašade. A one-story porch extends around three sides. There is a later roof dormer with a Palladian window. Interior woodwork, obviously the product of skilled craftsman, reflects the simple architectural designs of the exterior. The plantation itself was begun sometime between 1732 and 1736, with the house built before 1819. The house also has military, agricultural, industrial, political, social/humanitarian, educational and literary significance through its association with Robert F.W. Allston, member of the SC House of Representatives, a parish Senator, and Governor from 1856-58. Allston was considered to be the most notable planter on the Pee Dee River. Chicora Wood served as home plantation for Allston’s complex of rice plantations which produced 840,000 pounds of rice in 1850 and increased to 1,500,000 pounds by 1860. The slave labor force which produced the rice numbered 401 in 1850, increasing to 630 by 1860. The plantation complex includes a number of excellent outbuildings: original kitchen, smoke house, and a later carriage house, wash house and farm buildings. The rice mill complex, one of the most interesting remaining examples of its type, includes the mill and shipping house. Listed in the National Register April 11, 1973.

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