South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Browntown, Florence County (S.C. Hwy 341, Johnsonville vicinity)
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Moses Brown House Cotton Gin
Cotton Gin
Smokehouse Smokehouse
Dovetial Joints
S1081772100306 S1081772100307 S1081772100308    
Early Cabin Tenant House Outbuilding

Browntown is a unique collection of buildings reflecting the self-sufficient way of life practiced by several generations of the Brown family during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Moses Brown and his son and grandsons were self-sufficient farmers who operated their own brick kiln, grist mill, lumber mill, cotton gin, retail and wholesale mercantile business, and school. The property nominated contains the eleven remaining Browntown buildings, including the cotton gin building, three residences, the school, a tobacco barn, and several outbuildings. Architecturally, these buildings, which include examples of both log and frame construction, reflect the building technologies of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In addition, the cotton gin building, which was built on the site, is significant in the field of engineering. The buildings at Browntown are grouped in two complexes, one group adjacent to the road and the other across the fields around the cotton gin building. The rustic character of the frame buildings, the weathered wood, and the plowed fields establish a distinct rural character that unifies the complex. Listed in the National Register June 28, 1982.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property.

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