South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Mount Olivet Presbyterian Church, Fairfield County
(int. of S.C. Hwy. 200 & S.C. Sec. Rd. 20, Winnsboro vicinity)
S1081772002801 S1081772002802 S1081772002803 S1081772002804
Facade Right Oblique Right Elevation Facade-Detail

The Winnsboro area of Fairfield County has been served by a Presbyterian congregation since before 1785. The Reverend William Martin, a Coventar minister from Ireland who settled in South Carolina in 1772, preached at the Wolf Pit, a quarter mile from the present Mount Olivet Church, about the time of the American Revolution. In 1785 there was an established church in the vicinity called Wateree Church, after nearby Wateree Creek. The church was subsequently named Mount Olivet Presbyterian Church and a building was constructed near the present site around 1800. The present building, which was completed in 1869, is significant as a basically intact example of a rural church building, illustrating local construction techniques and stylistic characteristics of the period. The church is a one-story, rectangular, front-gabled building. The church is of masonry construction with brick bearing walls which are four bricks thick. The brickwork is covered with stucco, which has been scored to resemble cut stone. The foundation is granite. The large cemetery northwest of the church contains several historically and artistically significant gravestones dating back to 1795 and is enclosed by a cast-iron fence. Listed in the National Register August 13, 1986.

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