South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Kincaid-Anderson House, Fairfield County (S.C. Sec. Rd. 48, Jenkinsville vicinity)
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Facade Rear Facade Right Rear Oblique Guest House

(Fairfield) This elegant Georgian mansion was constructed ca. 1774 by James Kincaid, Captain in the American Revolution under Generals Francis Marion and Thomas Sumter, agricultural innovator, religious leader, and member of the South Carolina House of Representatives. The house was built on land granted by King George III which contained the famous ten-acre rock that later became the Anderson quarry. This two-storied structure is of brick in Flemish bond on a fieldstone foundation. The interior and exterior walls are solid brick and some sixteen inches thick. The hip roof has unboxed common rafters. Dual chimneys service large fireplaces in five of the ten rooms. Small side wings of brick with roof balustrades were added in a 1920s restoration. The wide halls are connected by a sweeping staircase and the massive rooms have large fireplaces and fine moldings. The grounds are enclosed by a serpentine wall of blue granite from the nearby quarry. A two-story brick and frame work house has been converted into a guesthouse with other outbuildings also maintained. James Kincaid was one of the first purchasers of cotton in the South Carolina upcountry and was possibly involved in the early development of a cotton gin. He is thought to have also locally promoted the tomato as a food. Kincaid was also instrumental in the local promotion of Associate Reformed Presbyterianism, aiding the establishment of nearby Ebenezer Church. Listed in the National Register July 30, 1974.

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