South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Blair Mound, Fairfield County (Restricted Site)

Blair Mound Site represents one of the significant remains of an important cultural development in South Appalachian Culture Province. It is part of the widespread Mississippian Culture Pattern that spread from the Mississippi Valley to the south Atlantic Seaboard bringing with it cultural elements and ways of life that dramatically changed the prehistoric living patterns of the area. The Blair Mound represents a late phase of this Pattern apparently existing in the period of A.D. 1300-1400. This cultural pattern based in elaborate religious and ceremonial procedures, including the building of temple mounds, is abundant in Alabama and Georgia. In South Carolina they occur along the central and lower Savannah River and along the Broad, Santee, and Wateree Rivers. Blair Mound is an earthen structure in the form of a low, oval hummock approximately 75 yards by 50 yards along its N-S and E-W axes respectively. The mound is just over 5 feet high, above the river bottom land grade. The mound was constructed on the site of a late Woodland trash midden. Listed in the National Register August 23, 1974.

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