South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Chester Historic District, Chester County (Chester)
S1081771200601 S1081771200602 S1081771200603 S1081771200604 S1081771200605
Chester County
140 Main St.
Chester City Hall
and Opera House
100 West End St.
U.S. Post Office
158 Main St.
St. Mark's
Episcopal Church
130 Center St.
St. Joseph's
Catholic Church
100-114 West End St.
S1081771200606 S1081771200607 S1081771200608 S1081771200609 S1081771200610
Associated Reformed
Wylie and Church Sts.
Purity Presbyterian
135 Wylie St.
Metroplitan A.M.E.
Zion Church
182 York St.
Bethel United
Methodist Church
109 York St.
107-117 Main St.
S1081771200611 S1081771200612 S1081771200613 S1081771200614 S1081771200615
Joseph Wylie Building
113-117 Main St.
Joseph Wylie Building
119 Main St.
McAlily's Building
118-122 Main St.
National Exchange
125 Main St.
130-134 Main St.
S1081771200616 S1081771200617 S1081771200618 S1081771200619 S1081771200620
136 Main St.
Upper Gadsden St. Lower Gadsden St. Peoples Bank
109-111 Gadsden St.
Commercial Bank
122-126 Gadsden St.

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The focal point of the Chester Historic District is The Hill, a triangular-shaped plaza on an eminence at the center of the city, around which the original settlement grew, and which now includes the city hall and a relatively well-preserved collection of late nineteenth and early twentieth century commercial buildings. The district now also includes the remainder of the central business area, containing the county courthouse and the federal building, as well as most of the older residential areas of the city and the early churches that are within them. Of the 475 properties in the district, 324 are considered to contribute to its historical character. The city of Chester was formed in the late eighteenth century as Chesterville. However, most of the properties included in the district reflect the city’s history through the second half of the nineteenth and in the early twentieth centuries. As a result, the buildings display a wide variety of architectural styles reflective of stylistic trends during that time span, including Greek Revival, Gothic Revival, Victorian, Romanesque Revival, Queen Anne, Classical Revival, and Bungalow. In addition, the district reflects the city’s role as a commercial center for the surrounding county, and as its political and governmental hub. Listed in the National Register June 13, 1972; Boundary increase March 15, 1988.

View a map showing the boundaries of the Chester Historic District.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property.

View the complete text of the nomination form for the boundary increase of this National Register Property. (1.94 MB)

Most National Register properties are privately owned and are not open to the public. The privacy of owners should be respected. Not all properties retain the same integrity as when originally documented and listed in the National Register due to changes and modifications over time.

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