South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Landsford Canal, Chester County (off U.S. Hwy 21, Rowell vicinity)
S1081771200101 S1081771200102 S1081771200103 S1081771200104 S1081771200105
Mill Retaining
Canal Channel Canal Bridge Canal Channel
Canal Channel
and Bridge

(Landsford Canal State Park) Historically, the Landsford Canal, completed about 1823, was an important transportation link for about fifteen years. The immediate area was involved in military movement from the Revolutionary War through the Civil War. The canal remains as the only canal existing in its entirety without encroachment in the state. The Canal parallels a two-mile section of the Catawba River. As part of the inland navigation system from the Up Country to Charleston, a series of Catawba canals were begun in 1819 and completed several years later. Landsford Canal, the highest in the system, was built by engineer Leckie. Within this section, the River falls thirty-four feet. The Canal consists of three sets of locks, a mill site, miller’s house, and a lockkeeper’s house—all in various forms of decay and ruins. The tract, including an aboriginal ford, was granted to Thomas Land in 1754, thus the derivation of its name. Listed in the National Register December 3, 1969.

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