South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Prospect Hill, Charleston County (off Laurel Hill Rd., Edisto Island)
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Facade Right Elevation Right Rear
Oblique
Rear Elevation Main Entrance
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Window Detail Window Detail Porch Detail

Prospect Hill’s significance lies in its architectural qualities and in its association with the production of sea island cotton. Constructed ca. 1800 for Ephraim Baynard, the mansion is located on a high bluff overlooking the South Edisto River. In 1860, Prospect Hill belonged to William Grimball Baynard, an elder in Edisto Island Presbyterian Church, Justice of the Peace, Justice of the Quorum, and owner of 220 slaves. The property passed in 1861, at his death, to his son William G. Baynard. The house and plantation have gone to other owners, outside of the family. Prospect Hill is a two-story, weatherboard clad, frame residence in the Federal style, which has a low pitched, hipped roof and a raised, full brick basement. The plan is rectangular with a central hall on each of the two floors. There is a one-story, hipped roof porch across the entire fašade and a projecting, two-story, two-bay, hipped roof pavilion at the rear elevation. Two interior brick chimneys with stuccoed necking, corbeling, and triple stacks pierce the rear slope of the roof. The porch across the fašade features five bays, plain columns, a simple balustrade with slat balusters, dentil molding, and modillions with pellet molding. Listed in the National Register November 28, 1986.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property. In addition, the Historic Resources of Edisto Island, ca. 1682 - ca. 1898 includes historical background information for this and other related National Register properties.

Most National Register properties are privately owned and are not open to the public. The privacy of owners should be respected. Not all properties retain the same integrity as when originally documented and listed in the National Register due to changes and modifications over time.

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