|South Carolina Department of Archives and History|
|National Register Properties in South Carolina
Battery #1, Charleston County (Riverland Dr., James Island)
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Battery Number 1 was constructed as an element of the James Island Siege Line in 1863. Under the direction of General P.G.T. Beauregard, the new James Island Siege Line replaced the long, poorly designed defensive line created by General Pemberton. This position is important since it was a key in the defense of James Island and was the scene of heavy fighting. At the close of the war, Battery Number 1 was armed with five pieces of artillery. The battery is an earth redan approximately 400 yards from Battery LeRoy on the James Island Siege Line. The seven-gun battery is on the western portion of the line which runs from behind Secessionville on the east to Fort Pringle on the west. Battery Number 1 is about 15 feet high at the parapet with a powder magazine about 20 feet high. The right face is about 240 feet, the center face approximately 160 feet, and the left face 280 feet in length. Both the right and left faces were connected to an indented line continuing to the next battery. Listed in the National Register August 11, 1982.
View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property. In addition, the Historic Resources of Civil War Defenses of Charleston, 1861-1865 includes historical background information for this and other related National Register properties.
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