South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Oakland Plantation, Calhoun County (S.C. Sec. Rd. 1, Fort Motte vicinity)
S1081770901101 S1081770901102 S1081770901103 S1081770901104 S1081770901105
Facade Left Oblique Left Rear Oblique Right Elevation
Central Hall

Built around 1800, Oakland is significant as an excellent example of a raised cottage, typical of the early nineteenth century houses built in lowcountry South Carolina. The one-and-one half story clapboard house remains as originally designed except for two flanking wings, set back from the fašade. The house sits on a brick foundation and has an enclosed basement. A medium gable roof extends over the front porch, supported by six square columns and featuring a wooden balustrade with latticework (added in the 1880s) and shiplap walls. The sills are hand-hewn pine, at least 18 inches wide, and extend the length and breadth of the house without piecing. The front entrance is flanked on either side by full-length French windows, lengthened from multi-paned windows. The rear portico has been enclosed and is used as a sun porch. A wide central hall runs the length of the house and is divided by a spindlework screen, added in the late nineteenth century. A local political leader and grandson of a Revolutionary War hero, William Sabb Thomson, originally inhabited Oakland Plantation House. Thomson served as state senator from the Parish of St. Matthews from 1830-34. A typical planter of the early nineteenth century, he was educated by tutors and was a member of a family that owned several plantations (including Midway) in Calhoun County, then part of Orangeburg District. Oakland is still surrounded by farmland, and the house and one outbuilding, the original kitchen, are situated on a one-acre lot. Listed in the National Register May 30, 1975.

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