South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Beaufort Historic District, Beaufort County (Beaufort)
S1081770700126 S1081770700127 S1081770700128 S1081770700129 S1081770700130
Elizabeth Hext
207 Hancock St.
John Johnson
804 Pinckney St.
313 Hancock St.
Talbirg House
409 Hancock St.
George Edward
Doane House
502 Prince St.
S1081770700131 S1081770700132 S1081770700133 S1081770700134 S1081770700135
First African
Baptist Church
601 New St.
Robert Smalls
511 Prince St.
Chaplin House
712 New St.
Beaufort College
803 Carteret St.
Elizabeth Barnwell
Gough House
705 Washington St.
S1081770700136 S1081770700137 S1081770700138 S1081770700139 S1081770700140
Daniel H.
Blythewood House
711 Prince St.
The Arsenal
713 Craven St.
Tabernacle Baptist
911 Craven St.
Frederick Fraser
901 Prince St.
705 Charles St.
S1081770700141 S1081770700142 S1081770700143    
Grand Army of
the Republic
Meeting House
706 New Castle St.
1408 Green St. 1313 Congress St.

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Beaufort is significant for its role as a major center of South Carolina’s antebellum plantation culture, its contribution to the history of the Civil War, and for its role it played in African-American history both during and after the war. Architecturally, the district is significant both for the high-style architecture produced by its pre-war planters and for the folk architectural patterns of its post-war African-American community. The antebellum architecture, unlike that of Charleston and Savannah, is generally made up of free standing Federal, Early Classical Revival, and Greek Revival style houses on large lots that is more akin to the architecture of the Southern plantations of the period, plantations brought to town and adapted to the heat of the summer weather and dampness of lowlands, as well as to the aesthetics of their waterfront settings. The town’s present appearance owes much to the events of the period between ca.1860 and ca. 1935. The buildings and structures constructed during this period display a variety of architectural forms and styles, including Italianate, Gothic Revival, Victorian, Queen Anne, and Neo-Classical, and reflect the development of the town in the last half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. In the 1870s, more modest houses were built on vacant lots in the older parts of town. One type was a five bay I-house, similar in form to many of the antebellum mansions, but reduced in size and of balloon construction using sawn lumber. The second type was a three-bay, gable fronted house, often with Italianate or Eastlake detail. Many antebellum homes were also updated during this period with commercially milled porch details, bay windows, and larger window glass. Colonial Revival made an impact on residential building after the hurricane of 1893, and the bungalow dominated new construction before and after World War I. Commercial construction also reflected increasing prosperity. The historic district includes 475 contributing resources and 350 noncontributing resources. Listed in the National Register December 17, 1969; Designated a National Historic Landmark November 7, 1973.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property.

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