South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Beaufort Historic District, Beaufort County (Beaufort)
S1081770700101 S1081770700102 S1081770700103 S1081770700104 S1081770700105
Beaufort County
1501 Bay St.
Robert Means
1207 Bay St.
William Elliott
"The Anchorage"
1103 Bay St.
George Parson
Elliott House
1001 Bay St.
William Fickling
1109 Craven St.
S1081770700106 S1081770700107 S1081770700108 S1081770700109 S1081770700110
Milton Maxcy
"Secession House"
1113 Craven St.
St. Helana's
Episcopal Church
501 Church St.
Emile E.
Lengnick House
1411 North St.
Beaufort Baptist
600 Charles St.
Edmunds Building
917 Bay St.
S1081770700111 S1081770700112 S1081770700113 S1081770700114 S1081770700115
Keyserling Building
807-813 Bay St.
Francis Saltus
802 Bay St.
John Mark
Verdier House
801 Bay St.
U. S. Post Office
and Custom House
302 Carteret St.
Wallace House
611 Bay St.
S1081770700116 S1081770700117 S1081770700118 S1081770700119 S1081770700120
Lewis Reeve
Sams House
601 BaySt.
Thomas Hepwort
214 New St.
George Moss
Stoney House
500 Port Republic St.
Berners Barnwell
Sams House
310 New St.
John Fripp
Morrall House
311 Carteret St.
S1081770700121 S1081770700122 S1081770700123 S1081770700124 S1081770700125
Joseph Johnson
House "The Castle"
411 Craven St.
James Robert
Verdier House
"The Marshlands"
501 Pinckney St.
Edward Means
604 Pinckney St.
Berners Barnwell
Sams House #2
201 Laurens St.
Edgar Fripp
House "Tidalholm"
1 Laurens St.

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Beaufort is significant for its role as a major center of South Carolina’s antebellum plantation culture, its contribution to the history of the Civil War, and for its role it played in African-American history both during and after the war. Architecturally, the district is significant both for the high-style architecture produced by its pre-war planters and for the folk architectural patterns of its post-war African-American community. The antebellum architecture, unlike that of Charleston and Savannah, is generally made up of free standing Federal, Early Classical Revival, and Greek Revival style houses on large lots that is more akin to the architecture of the Southern plantations of the period, plantations brought to town and adapted to the heat of the summer weather and dampness of lowlands, as well as to the aesthetics of their waterfront settings. The town’s present appearance owes much to the events of the period between ca.1860 and ca. 1935. The buildings and structures constructed during this period display a variety of architectural forms and styles, including Italianate, Gothic Revival, Victorian, Queen Anne, and Neo-Classical, and reflect the development of the town in the last half of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. In the 1870s, more modest houses were built on vacant lots in the older parts of town. One type was a five bay I-house, similar in form to many of the antebellum mansions, but reduced in size and of balloon construction using sawn lumber. The second type was a three-bay, gable fronted house, often with Italianate or Eastlake detail. Many antebellum homes were also updated during this period with commercially milled porch details, bay windows, and larger window glass. Colonial Revival made an impact on residential building after the hurricane of 1893, and the bungalow dominated new construction before and after World War I. Commercial construction also reflected increasing prosperity. The historic district includes 475 contributing resources and 350 noncontributing resources. Listed in the National Register December 17, 1969; Designated a National Historic Landmark November 7, 1973.

View a map showing the boundaries of the Beaufort Historic District.

View the complete text of the nomination form for this National Register property. (Warning large file, 19MB)

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