|South Carolina Department of Archives and History|
|National Register Properties in South Carolina
Cal Smoak Site, Bamberg County
|Cal Smoak Site||Excavation Pit|
The Cal Smoak Site exists in the Interior Coastal Plain of South Carolina. The site is situated on a sandy ridge that overlooks the bottomland environment of the Edisto Swamp, and one of its small tributaries, Brier Creek. The bottomland flora is typically sweetgum, tupelo, and water oak. The uplands, which are now cultivated, were probably forested in mixed hardwoods, such as oak and hickory. Archeological investigations have shown that the cultural components are represented by Early, Middle, and Late Archaic, and Early, Middle, and Late Woodland periods. There is no indication of Mississippian periods. The clearing of the property, and subsequent cultivation, has resulted in a six to eight inch disturbance of surface soils. The subsoils are undisturbed. The site is significant because it is culturally stratified to a depth of about thirty inches, which has the potential for providing chronological information for the region. The excavation of a relatively small area has also had some effect on the site, but more than 98% of the site remains intact and is capable of providing reliable information about the past. Listed in the National Register January 6, 1986.
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