South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Fennel Hill, Allendale County
S1081770300501 S1081770300502
Fennel Hill Site Fennel Hill Site

(Cox Site; Milberry Site) Fennell Hill is a formative shell midden on the Savannah River measuring about 96 meters on the longest axis and about 48 meters in width. The site is deposited on a natural sand ridge and is about 18 meters above the mean high water mark of the Savannah River. The shell and midden debris is about 1 meter in thickness, thinning out to a slight surface scatter at the fringes of the mound. Several houses were built on the mound in the 1930s but have since been destroyed. The site has also been cleared by bulldozer, flattening off some areas of the mound. Fennell Hill is a formative period shell mound similar to Stalling’s Island, Rabbit Mount, Clear Mount, and Spanish Mount. Originally the site may have been an island, similar to the Stalling’s Island Mound, as there are old watercourses to the west of Fennell Hill. It has produced a wide assemblage of artifacts and has a near complete ceramic sequence for the central Savannah River locality. Found in the midden have been large quantities of fiber-tempered and Thom’s Creek pottery—both examples of the earliest pottery found in the southeast. The lithic components of the mount suggest a late Archaic-early Woodlands concentration. Listed in the National Register November 19, 1974.

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