South Carolina Department of Archives and History
National Register Properties in South Carolina

Abbeville Historic District, Abbeville County
S1081770100401 S1081770100402 S1081770100403 S1081770100404 S1081770100405
Abbeville Court
Square Plaza
Abbeville Opera House
Court Square
Abbeville County
Court Square
Knox Building
128 Court Square
County Savings Bank
109 Washington St.
S1081770100406 S1081770100407 S1081770100408 S1081770100409 S1081770100410
McIlwain Building
131-133 Court Square
Bank of the
State of S.C.
113 Court Square
101 W. Pickens St. 100-104 E. Pickens St. Eureka Hotel
106 E. Pickens St.
S1081770100411 S1081770100412 S1081770100413 S1081770100414 S1081770100415
Abbeville Fire
109-111 S. Main St.
Abbeville Post Office
S. Main St.
208 Magazine St.
Jone-Owens House
408 Magazine St.
Enright-Roche House
407 Magazine St.
S1081770100416 S1081770100417 S1081770100418 S1081770100419 S1081770100420
St. James
A.M.E. Church
305 Cherry St.
Abbeville Old Jail
215 Poplar St.
Sacred Heart
Catholic Church
128 N. Main St.
W. Joel Smith House
703 Chesnut St.
Gary-Aiken House
306 Greenville St.
S1081770100421 S1081770100422 S1081770100423 S1081770100424 S1081770100425
Gary-Little House
408 Greenville St.
McGowan-Gary House
311 Greenville St.
Calhoun-Smith House
400 N. Main St.
Amos B. Morse House
406 N. Main St.
Simpson-Power House
412 N. Main St.

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The Abbeville Historic District is comprised of a large portion of the city of Abbeville, the county seat of Abbeville County, South Carolina. Of the 528 properties in the district, 319 contribute to its historical character. The focal point of the district is the Court Square, on which are located the County Courthouse, Municipal Building, and a well-preserved collection of late nineteenth century brick commercial buildings. The district also includes the older residential section sections of the city, several churches, two school buildings, and three buildings associated with the city’s railroad history. The city of Abbeville was formed in the late eighteenth century; however, most of the properties included in the district reflect the city’s history throughout the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. As a result, the buildings display a wide variety of architectural styles including Second Empire, Gothic Revival, Beaux-Arts, Queen Anne and Bungalow. In addition, the district reflects the city’s role as a commercial center for the surrounding county. The city is also noted for its role in the political and governmental development of the area. Several residences are important for their association with persons or events of historical significance are located within the boundaries of the district. Listed in the National Register September 14, 1972; Boundary increase May 7, 1984.

View a map showing the boundaries of the Abbeville Historic District.

View the complete text of the original nomination form for this National Register Property.

View the complete text of the nomination form for the boundary increase of this National Register Property. (8.8 MB)

Most National Register properties are privately owned and are not open to the public. The privacy of owners should be respected. Not all properties retain the same integrity as when originally documented and listed in the National Register due to changes and modifications over time.

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